OLCAY BÜYÜKTAŞ 1. When and why did the regulation come to the fore? The issue of retirement age (EYT) emerged in 1999 with the law numbered 4447, which was adopted by the DSP, ANAP and MHP coalition government, raising the retirement age. September 8…
1. When and why did the regulation come to the fore?
The issue of retirement age (EYT) emerged in 1999 with the law numbered 4447, which was adopted by the DSP, ANAP and MHP coalition government, raising the retirement age. Until September 8, 1999, employees covered by SSK had to fulfill two conditions for retirement: 20 years for women, 25 years for men, and 5 thousand days to pay premiums. After 1999, the age rule was introduced as a third rule.
The retirement age was increased to 58 for women, 60 for men, and 7 thousand days for premium days. For those who were employed before September 8, 1999, a gradual transition period was introduced, varying between the ages of 40 and 58 for women and between the ages of 44 and 60 for men. For example, the end of age was introduced for those under the Pension Fund and Bağ-Kur. Thus, grievances arose from two to 18 years.
Then there were applications to the Constitutional Court for the annulment of the regulation.
The Constitutional Court annulled the gradual transition decisions as “fair, reasonable and proportionate”. Later, a new gradual transition schedule was adopted, effective from 23 May 2002. Transition terms maintained the terms of 20 and 25 years of insurance; However, the new system brought the age requirement between 40-56 for women and 44-58 for men, and the premium day requirement that changed between 5 thousand and 5 thousand 975 days.
The resulting victimization has caused controversy for years. In the end, the government, which argued that it would solve the situation before the election, announced that it would remove the age rule with a regulation, and that those who completed 5 thousand premium days could retire, by making statements by the most authorized persons, that those who were old at retirement (EYT) could retire without seeking the age rule.
2. What was the expectation of the regulation?
In particular, with the statements made by the Minister of Labor and Social Security, Vedat Bilgin, it has become clear that anyone who has completed 5 thousand premium days for women, 20 for men, and 25 years for men, can retire without meeting age or other criteria.
3. What points does the arrangement include?
Following the explanations, the bill prepared on the subject of EYT was presented to the Parliament. Two aspects of the proposal, which consists of four points, are fundamental.
Everyone who completed their insurance and premium days before September 9, 1999 was allowed to retire.
Secondly, a social security premium was introduced in order to support the working life and to continue in registration. A supplementary premium of 5% was introduced. A 500 lira reinforcement was provided.
4. What is the bonus day discussion?
However, it was seen that there was a gradation regarding the premium day in the bill. According to the regulation, a gradual premium day will be sought in EYT. Those who started to work with insurance before September 8, 1999 will be able to retire by fulfilling the conditions other than age.
According to the regulation, SSK members will be subject to the gradual premium day introduced by Law No. 4447. The gradual premium day will start from 5 thousand and will increase to 5 thousand 975 days. It will not be possible to retire with 5 thousand premium days. Because the number of premium days for workers (for those who entered in the middle of 1995-99) changes in the middle of 5 thousand 750-5 thousand 975 days.
For the insured of Bağ-Kur and Retirement Fund, there is a premium day condition of 7,200 days for women and 9,000 days for men.
5. Does the arrangement include a combination of services?
The bill does not include a part of whether EYT members can benefit from the service consolidation, which can be briefly defined as the process of integrating all the work of individuals in different statuses in their working life and receiving a pension over a single status.
6. Will EYT members benefit from partial retirement?
Before the regulation in 1999, women aged 50 and over and men aged 55 and over could partially retire with 3600 premium days and 15 years of insurance.
With the EYT regulation that came to the Parliament on January 30, 3600 premium days were excluded. According to the current legislation, the age rule of 58 for women and 60 for men is required for partial retirement.
The partial retirement application offers the opportunity to retire with less premium than ordinary retirement for individuals who are older and who cannot fulfill the number of premium payment days. Partially retired people retire with the lowest pension.
In this case, the current law decisions will continue in partial retirement. Women with SSK over 3600 premium days will be able to retire at the age of 58 and men at the age of 60.
Men from Bağ-Kur will be able to retire at the age of 56 for women and 58 for men, with the rule of 5400 premium days.
7. Will retirees with EYT be able to work in the other workplace?
Those who retire after EYT will continue to work at their own workplace within 10 days if they wish. In these circumstances, the boss will be given a 5 percent premium basis. However, this reinforcement will not be the subject of words for the EYT member, who will start to work in another workplace after retiring. This will put an additional burden on the boss.
8. How will the premium basis work?
In order to support the working life and to ensure the continuation of production, the Treasury undertakes the support of approximately 500 TL for those who have to start working again in the same workplace within 10 days after each employee retires, with 5 points to the workplaces. reinforcement becomes the subject of words.