Common mental issues in adolescence


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Inability to study, carelessness, forgetfulness, inability to organize time,
  • nervousness, restlessness,
  • Dangerous activities (Sexual risky behaviors, participating in violence, alcohol-substance abuse)
  • Establishing weak social relations,
  • low self-perception, depressive complaints,
  • Antisocial and aggressive behavior

Conduct Disorder

  • It is seen at a rate of 6-10% in boys and 2-9% in girls. There is an increase in the actual frequency of puberty.
  • Aggression to humans/animals
  • Bullying, intimidation
  • start a fight
  • Physical injury, physical cruelty to humans and animals
  • Don’t play in front of someone else
  • Coercion to engage in sexual activity
  • Don’t damage things
  • Intentionally setting a fire with intent to cause serious damage
  • Willfully damaging the property of another
  • Fraud or theft
  • Breaking into a glutton’s home, his car
  • Frequent bragging to gain profit and avoid obligations
  • Don’t steal precious things without anyone seeing
  • Significantly breaking the rules
  • Do not spend more than one night out despite family prohibitions.
  • Escape from home for at least two nights while living in the parent’s residence (once, if not returned within the long period of time).
  • Don’t miss school most of the time.

oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)

  • Frequent irritability
  • Do not get into arguments often with adults,
  • Going against the wishes and rules of the elders,
  • Do not willingly do things that anger your glutton,
  • Don’t blame others for your own mischief
  • irritability, easily angered,
  • Resentment is a psychopathology that has the characteristics of wanting to take revenge.

Anxiety Disorder

  • The response that emerges after the factors that create compulsion in people is called “anxiety”. Although it is a discontinuous feeling for harmony with certain situations, it appears as the main finding in some diseases.
  • Anxiety has biological and psychological causes. In challenging situations, there are changes in certain issues secreted from the brain and in the receptors in the regions where these elements secrete. In addition, hormones also have an effect on anxiety.

Depression During Adolescence

  • Depression and adolescence crises are confused with each other during adolescence.
  • Symptoms of Depression
  • It lasts for two weeks, it should not be due to any other disease.
  • Feeling sad, empty, decreased interest in daily activities, lack of pleasure, anger
  • Extreme weight loss (more than 5% of body weight) or weight gain
  • Inability to sleep or too much harmony,
  • Persistent restlessness of unknown cause,
  • Sometimes don’t care about anything
  • Fatigue, exhaustion, inability to concentrate on work.
  • Broken friendships
  • There may be suicidal intentions, if there is an attempt to commit suicide, the risk is very high, the family story is valuable.

Panic Disorder

  • It is defined as multiple panic attacks in an unexpected situation and when the person’s gluttons are not the center of attention.
  • During an attack, shortness of breath or choking sensation, palpitations, tremors, shaking, sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, abdominal pain, numbness, tingling, redness or chills, heart tightness, chest pain may occur.

Obsessive compulsive disorder

  • Obsessions are persistent intrusions of unwanted ideas, anxiety-inducing images/impulses.
  • Compulsions, on the other hand, are repetitive behaviors and mental actions taken to reduce/eliminate severe problems and discomfort caused by obsessions.
  • Obsessive beliefs are mostly related to compulsive action.
  • Although it starts at an earlier age in men, it is more common in women.
  • Compulsions are varied, the most common being washing and checking.