Post-traumatic tension disorder (PTSD)

Having some changes in the mental state that can be considered as a “symptom of illness” after being exposed to situations defined as “traumatic experience” one or more times. For example; Evidently depressed mood, sleep disturbance, finitude, overreacting to events, being terrified all the time are just a few of them. Most of the time, a healthy adult overcomes this condition within weeks. However, the deterioration in the mental state of some people becomes permanent and Post Traumatic Tension Disorder develops.

Disasters such as earthquake, flood, landslide, avalanche, drowning hazard, fire; violence such as war, armed attack, torture, extortion, rape, kidnapping; occupational homicides, such as collapsed in mines, falling from construction sites; exposure to one or more of the situations, such as traffic, sea or plane crash, and fatal allergic reactions, a family member or close friend’s
Hearing that you have been exposed, witnessing your gluttons being exposed can lead to PTSD.

PTSD has some symptoms. These; always remembering the traumatic event, visualizing the images in the mind, acting as if the event is in the present moment, feeling heavy gloom in the face of a random stimulus that reminds the event, nightmares with traumatic content, staying away from situations, individuals, places, activities, objects that remind the traumatic event, missing valuable details about the traumatic event being erased from memory, always living in a sense of anxiety, dread, negative generalizations about oneself and the outside world (“I am responsible for his harassment, I am a terrible person”, “no one can be trusted”, “the world is a very dangerous place”), loss of interest, emotional bluntness, detachment from the environment, startled by sudden noises, having trouble sleeping, concentrating on and maintaining work, suddenly getting angry at a small thing, and a decrease in tolerance.

Not everyone exposed to trauma develops post-traumatic tension disorder. Introversion, high external locus of control, dysfunctional
coping attitudes, feelings of guilt about escape, feeling very angry, genetic and physical predisposition, the meaning given to trauma by the person, recent stressful life events, history of psychiatric illness in the person or family, history of alcohol or misuse.

After trauma, some physiological changes occur in the person. Anxiety, anxiety, arousal, alertness, increase in selective attention, etc. that occur after the discharge of the sympathetic system, which is a protection system against the perception of danger in the body. are the biological responses of the individual for self-defense. Although increased blood pressure, sweating, and muscle tension can lead to the illusion that the person has a heart disease, these are non-life-threatening discontinuous PTSD bodily responses.

There are multiple treatment procedures for PTSD. Among these pathways, EMDR Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Schema Therapy, and drug therapy are the most used. It has been proven by many studies that the most adequate treatment method is combined therapy, that is, the use of drug therapy and psychotherapy together.