In the goal of solution-focused therapy, besides looking for the causes of the problems in the past, there are various goals such as focusing on the present moment of the problems, searching for goal-oriented analysis ways for the changes that will occur in the life of the problem when the problem is analysed, and overcoming the repetitions of persistent and useless behavior (Nichols, 2013; Gladding, 2011; Trepper et al. et al., 2006). Assay-focused therapy is used to treat multiple emotional and mental health problems. Usually, it takes 1-20 sessions. Ideally, it is an approach that envisages an average of 6 sessions of therapy (Doğan, 2016). There are more than 50 different variants of the assay-focused therapy approach that continues to evolve today. Mentioned breeds mostly focus on the future rather than the past. There are some main points of focus in assay-focused therapy (Cooper, 1995). These; using time consciously, maintaining a clear intensity, defining concrete goals, focusing on the current tension and its symptoms, making an evaluation at the first moment and blending this evaluation with the therapy process, always controlling the progress made in the therapy process and not applying interventions that do not bring change, client-therapist maintaining the relationship at a high level, creating a more reliable and comfortable space for expressing feelings, using therapy techniques in a practical and eclectic manner.
Solution-focused therapy is a flexible and easily applicable technique that helps families solve their problems (Burg & Mayhall, 2002). For clients, analysis-focused therapy becomes more attractive with the belief that the result will be achieved in a shorter time (Güner, 2010). In addition, analysis-focused therapy is also called problem-solving therapy because it focuses on the problem that needs to be solved. There are some methods used in the therapy process. These methods are; description of the problem, setting a goal, miracle question, finding exceptions, rating-scaling questions, compliments and picks. To briefly explain some of these procedures, the definition of the problem: First, it is aimed to define the problem together with the client, and the name of the problem to be solved is clarified (Nichols, 2013; Gladding, 2011). In addition, at this stage, it may be useful to ask clients what they have done before the therapy process in solving their problems (Nicolas, 2013).
Individuals want to produce quick solutions to many problems experienced today. Indeed, analysis-focused therapy is a therapy that produces rapid results in understanding the problems experienced by all individuals and finding solutions. It is the biggest advantage that therapists can be actively used in the problems of many clients, paying attention not only to the meaning of the problem experienced, the years that will eliminate the problem, and their ability to cope, apart from eliminating the problem. As assay-focused therapy is a practical and effective way in a short time, it is suitable for use in educational institutions, patient care, social aid institutions and work environments (Kütük et al., 2020). In addition, this therapy procedure is very economical because it reaches more individuals in a shorter time (Stoddart, McDonnell, Temple, & Mustata, 2001). ÇÖT is focused on the future, so it aims to move forward in the client’s life and not to be stuck in the past. In this context, it provides optimism and motivation to the client as he goes to the future with truth.
Since the EIT is short-term, it may not be suitable for every client portfolio. Clients with significant trust issues may have difficulty opening up and speaking with the goal of needing time, and may not be suitable for this therapy. Less space is given to past traumas, and some valuable past life experiences can be skipped for this reason. CLT minimizes the client’s pain, but makes the client feel as if they have not experienced their traumatic experience, which can actually undermine open and honest therapeutic attention. In fact, this situation causes him to think that the therapist he chose for the first time to tell about his deep pain and trauma was the wrong choice.